Vision Correction Procedures

Since the introduction of laser technology in the ocular field things have changed drastically both for the practitioners and the patients. This technology has literally changed everything within this industry with the introduction of highly innovative and breathtaking procedures and solutions. Today patients can sample a wide range of superior procedures that provide solutions that were until now thought of as impossible. Regardless of how serious, complicated or risky ones prescription is the laser technology is likely to hold an effective, cost effective and easy vision correction solution that lasts permanently. To enjoy these solutions though one should educate themselves on their merits and demerits and consult a qualified optometrist to learn if they are an ideal candidate for any of the laser procedures. To this end this paper gives a comprehensive overview of some of the most commonly available laser vision correction procedure in the industry today.

Types of laser procedures

  • LASIK:  Also known as Laser-Assisted-In-Situ Keratomileusis or refractive surgery is an extremely popular elective eye vision correction procedure in most parts of the world today. LASIK essentially involves creating a protective flap during surgery before using sharp laser rays to correct the problem.
  • Laser Epithelial Keratomileusis (LASEK): This procedure is also a highly innovative surgery that uses laser rays to correct a vision problem. In most cases this procedure is used for patients with unique prescriptions that do not necessarily make them ideal candidates for the more popular LASIK surgery. These include patients with an extraordinarily thin cornea that cannot make the protective flap or those with abnormally shaped corneas.
  • Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK): This procedure was particularly popular before the advent of the LASIK surgery and involves the use of laser technology to correct vision problems just like the former. However unlike the LASSIK surgery PRK as it is popularly known does not involve the creation of the protective flap as and thus is ideal for people with thin corneas. Other patients who make excellent PRK candidates include those with abnormally dry eyes and larger than normal pupils.
  • Monovision: This is a unique procedure that uses laser technology to treat a vision problem in one eye and leaves the other out. This is particularly preferred in older patients who tend to experience a degenerating vision clarity with age especially when it comes to near or far sightedness. After the surgery the patient’s spots one eye that can see distant objects while the other one can see near objects thus the monovision terminology.
  • Conductive Keratoplasty (CK): This procedure applies the radio frequency technology in correcting common vision problems. It is particularly favored by patients with extreme near sightedness problems.
  •  Implantable Colamer Lenses (ICL): As the name suggests this procedure involves inserting a contact lens inside the eye on top of the natural lens to correct a myriad of vision problems.
  • Phakic Intraocular Lens (P-IOL): This is similar to ICL and is also recommended for older patients who don’t make good laser surgery candidates.

To identify the most suitable procedure, one should visit a doctor for more information.